Minors in the California juvenile system have rights just like adults have
rights. Minors have a right against self incrimination and a right to
an attorney, as well as other constitutional rights. This means that the
police must read a minor his or her Miranda rights when they arrest that minor.
California police are allowed to question minors without their parents
approval and without their parents being present. There is no requirements
that parents must consent before their children are interviewed by the
police. The juvenile interrogation however must be voluntary.
In a recent United State Supreme Court case, a Court indicated that minors
might enjoy similar protections when interrogated by officers at school
as a minor does outside of school; that is advisement of his or her Miranda
rights. The court's opinion held that law enforcement must take age
into account in determining whether a minor suspect would feel free to
leave thereby creating a custodial situation that requires Miranda warnings.
to be given to the minor.